Soil Management in Coffee Gardens
In the new clearing, the field is given a thorough digging to a depth about 35-45cm towards the end of the monsoon. Once the coffee plants have closed in, annual digging is not done,.
|Scuffling or soil stirring||In established coffee fields, scuffling or soil stirring is done towards the beginning of the dry period. It controls weeds and also conserves soil moisture.|
|Trenching||Trenches and pits are dug or renovated in a staggered manner between rows of coffee along the contour during August-October when the soil is fairly easy to work. These are 50cm wide and 25cm deep and can be of any convenient length.|
|Mulching||Mulching young coffee clearings helps to maintain optimum soil temperature and conserves soil moisture and acts as an effective erosion control measures|