Planting of Coffee
If it is a jungle, only selective felling of
trees is done maintaining the trees, which are desirable at appropriate
spacing. The under growth may be cleared to enable line marking with a base
line and opening of pits. The entire plot may be conveniently divided into
blocks with roads and footpaths.
In April, pits of 45 x 45 x 45 cm may be opened at appropriate spacing for different coffee cultivars as described below.
The pits after digging will be kept open for weathering for a couple of months until monsoon. In June, the pits are covered with topsoil and staked. In poor soils, 250 g of FYM or compost per pit may be added before filling.
Disease free and vigorous seedlings are
selected for planting. Seedlings with stunted and twisted roots are
discarded. Rooted plants (aged 16-18 months) with and without ball are
planted during June and bag plants are generally planted during Sept- Oct. A
hole is made at the centre of the pit after leveling the soil. The seedling
is placed in the hole with its taproot and lateral roots spread out in
proper position. The hole is then filled. The soil around the seedling is
packed 3 cm high above the ground to prevent stagnation of water around the
collar. The seedlings are provided with cross stakes to prevent wind damage
and mulched properly.
|Kerala Agricultural University. 2011. Package of Practices Recommendations: Crops. 14th edition. Kerala Agricultural University, Thrissur- 360 p.|