Traditional Knowledge in Plant Protection

 

Aloe, vitex extract
Materials Methods of preparation How to use Target pests
5 kg of vitex leaves
2 liters of aloe leaf juice
50-60 ml of soap
50 liters of water
Cooking pot
Pail
Remove the outer part of the aloe leaves.
Grind to get the extract.
Strain.
Soak Vitex leaves in water.
Bring to boil for 30 minutes.
Cool and then strain.

Mix the two extracts.
Add 50 liters of water to the extract.
Stir in soap.
Spray on infested plants thoroughly.
Spray early in the morning or
late in the afternoon.
(This formulation is good enough
to spray 0.4 ha area.
 )
Armyworm
Hairy leaf-caterpillar
Rice leaf roller
Rice stem borer
Semi-looper

Bacterial and fungal diseases

Aloe moth attractant
Materials Methods of preparation How to use Target pests
1/2 liter of aloe extract
1 kg of castor cake
Wide-opened containers
Plant latex or resin
Mix aloe and castor cake.
Add latex as an adhesive materials.
Put mixture in wide open
containers.
Place the containers in strategic
locations in the field.
6 traps are good enough fo 1/2 ha
Moths
 Coleus leaves spray
Materials Methods of preparation How to use Target pests
5 kg of leaves
5 liters of water
Knife
Pail
Strainer
Wash and clean the leaves.
Chop the leaves into small pieces.
Add to water.
Strain.

Spray early morning on infested plant parts. Early blight
Frog eye
Leaf spot
Leaf mold
Coriander spray
Materials Methods of preparation How to use Target pests
200 grams of seeds
1 liter of water
Cooking pot
Mortar and pestle
Pail
 
Crush seeds.
Boil in water for 10 minutes.
Cool.
Strain.
 
Dilute extract with 2 liters of water.
Spray early in the morning
on infested plant parts.
 
Spider mites
Anti-fungal
Garlic bulb extract
Materials Methods of preparation How to use Target pests
85 grams of chopped garlic
50 ml of mineral oil
(kerosene or vegetable oil)
10 ml of soap
950 ml of water
Strainer
Bottle container
Add garlic to vegetable oil.
Allow mixture to stand for 24 hours.
Add water and stir in the soap.
Store in bottle container.
Dilute 1 part of the emulsion
with 19 parts of water (for example, 50 ml of
emulsion to 950 ml of water).
Shake well before spraying.
Spray thoroughly on the infested plant,
preferably early in the morning.
American bollworm Armyworm
Cotton stainer
Onion thrips
Potato tuber moth
Root knot nematode
Sugarcane shoot borer
Bacterial diseases
Anthracnose
Downy mildew
Rice blast
Garlic oil spray
Materials Methods of preparation How to use Target pests
100 grams of garlic
2 tbsp of mineral oil
10.5 liters of water
10 ml of soap
Covered container
Chop garlic finely.
Soak garlic in mineral oil for a day.
Add liter of water and soap.
Blend well by stirring thoroughly.
Strain.
Dilute the filtrate with
10 liters of water.
Fill the sprayer.
Shake sprayer from time to
time to avoid oil from floating.
Spray on the infested plant thoroughly.
Imported cabbage worm
Leafhoppers
Squash bugs
Whitefly
Ginger rhizome extract
Materials Methods of preparation How to use Target pests
50 grams of ginger
12 ml of soap
3 liters of water
Grinder
Strainer
Pail
4 kg of ginger are needed
to spray 0.4 ha


Grind ginger and make
into paste.
Mix with water.
Add soap.
Stir and strain.
Spray on infested plants
thoroughly.
If there is no sprayer,
make soft brushes out of
plant straw or twigs.
Make sure to wet all
the infested plant parts.
American bollworm
Aphids
Plant hoppers
Thrips
Whitefly
Root knot nematode
Brown leaf spot of rice
Mango anthracnose
Yellow vein mosaic
Ginger, garlic, and chilli extract
Materials Methods of preparation How to use Target pests
25 grams of ginger
50 grams of garlic
25 grams of green chili
10 ml of kerosene
12 ml of soap
3 liters of water
Grinder
Pail
1 kg garlic kg ginger,
and chili are needed
for 0.4 ha
Soak garlic in kerosene
overnight.
Grind and make into a paste.
Add 50 ml water to chili,
grind, make into a paste.
Grind ginger and make into a
paste as well.
Mix all ingredients into
the water.
Add soap.
Filter the extract.
Stir well before spraying.
Spray on infested plants
thoroughly.
Aphids
Armyworm
Bollworm
Caterpillars
Fruit borer
Leaf miner
Shoot borer
Thrips
Whiteflies
Ginger powder extract
Materials Methods of preparation How to use Target pests
20 grams of ginger powder
1 liter of water
Pail
Add powder to water.
Mix well.
Spray on infested plants
thoroughly.
Powdery mildew
Root rot
Fungal leaf blight
Gliricidia leaf extract
Materials Methods of preparation How to use Target pests
kg of leaves
Grinder or mortar and pestle
Pail or basin
Strainer
Grind or pound leaves.
Soak overnight in water.
Strain.
Add 20 liters of water
to the filtrate.
Spray on infested plant
thoroughly.
Armyworm
Cabbage looper
Caseworm
Tobacco budworm
Whorl maggots
Gliricidia & neem
Materials Methods of preparation How to use Target pests
1 kg of Gliricidia  leaves
1 kg of neem leaves
Knife
Pail
Strainer
Water
Shred the leaves.
Soak leaves in 5 liters of water
for 3 days.
Strain.
Add water to make up
20 liters of filtrate.
Spray on infested plants.
Spraying interval is 4-5 days.
Aphids
Blister beetles
Fall armyworm
Termites
Whitefly
White grubs
Lemongrass extract
Materials Methods of preparation How to use Target pests
50 g of ground lemongrass
2 liters of water
 
Soak the ground lemongrass into water for few hours.
Strain.
Spray onto lettuce, tomatoes,
and carrots
Leaf blight
Bacticidal
Citronella grass, Gliricidia , chili, tobacco  and Tinospora extract
Materials Methods of preparation How to use Target pests
25 kg of citronella grass
25 kg of fresh Gliricidia  leaves
1 kg of chilies
10 kg of tobacco leaves
5 kg of Tinospora
Drum
Soap
Bolo or knife
Chop these plant materials.
Put into a drum full of water.
Set aside for 1 month to
allow fermentation.
Dilute 1 liter of stock solution
with 10-12 liters of water.
Add soap.
Stir well.
Spray on infested plants
thoroughly.
Most agricultural pests
Mint extract
Materials Methods of preparation How to use Target pests
250 grams of leaves
2 liters of water
Grinder
Strainer
Pail
Grind the leaves to make into a paste
Add water
Stir well and ready for use or strain it to have a clear extract
Spray on infected plants thoroughly using water can or sprinkler
Bacterial leaf spots and other bacterial diseases
Neem leaf extract
Materials Methods of preparation How to use Target pests
1-2 kg of neem leaves
Mortar and pestle
Used cotton cloth
Pot
Soap
Strainer
String
10-12 kg of neem leaves are needed for 0.4 ha
Pound neem leaves gently.
Place in a pot.
Add 2-4 liters of water.
Cover the mouth of the pot securely with the cloth and leave it as such for 3 days.
Strain to get clear extract.
Dilute 1 liter of neem leaf extract with 9 liters of water.
Add 100 ml of soap.
Stir well.
Spray on the infested plants.

Aphids
Colorado beetles
Grasshoppers
Grubs
Japanese beetles
Leafhoppers
Locusts
Planthoppers
Scales
Snails
Thrips
Weevils
Whiteflies
Neem seed extract
Materials Methods of preparation How to use Target pests
3-5 kg of neem seeds
Mortar and pestle
Used cotton cloth
Earthen pot
Soap
Strainer
String
Remove the shells.
Pound seeds gently.
Place in a pot.
Add 10 liters of water.
Cover the mouth of the pot securely with the cloth and leave it as such for 3 days.
Strain to get clear extract.
Dilute 1 liter of this extract with 9 liters of water.
Add 100 ml of soap.
Stir well.
Spray on the infested plants.

Aphids
Beetles
Bugs
Grasshoppers
Grubs
Flies
Leafhoppers
Locusts
Moths
Nematodes
Planthoppers
Scales
Snails
Thrips
Weevils
Whiteflies
Onion bulb extract 
Materials Methods of preparation How to use Target pests
85 grams of chopped
onion
50 ml of mineral oil
(kerosene)
10 ml of soap
450 ml of water
Strainer
Bottle container
Add chopped onion to kerosene.
Allow this mixture to stand
for 24 hours.
Add water and stir-in the soap.
Store in bottle container.

Dilute 1 part of the emulsion
with 19 parts of water
(for example, 50 ml of
emulsion to 950 ml of water).
Shake well before spraying.
Spray thoroughly on the infested
plant, preferably early in the
morning.
Whiteflies
Papaya leaf extract
Materials Methods of preparation How to use Target pests
50 grams of finely
shredded papaya leaves
8-12 ml of soap
Muslin cloth
Pail
Water
Soak shredded leaves
in 100 ml of water.
Stir vigorously.
Let it stand overnight.
Squeeze the extract using
the muslin cloth.
Dilute the extract with
2-3 liters of water.
Add soap.
Stir well.
Spray thoroughly on
infested plant parts.
Leafy caterpillars
Coffee rust
Leaf rust
Mosaic virus
Powdery mildew
Papaya water extract
Materials Methods of preparation How to use Target pests
1 kg of papaya leaves
10 liters of water
Mortar and pestle
Soap
Strainer
Pail
Pound the leaves.
Add pounded leaves into the water.
Leave to stand for 2 days.
Strain.
Spray on the target pests.
Grass looper
White grub
Pongam leaf extract
Materials Methods of preparation How to use Target pests
1 kg of Pongam leaves
5 ml of soap
Grinder
Pail
Strainer
Water
Soak shredded leaves
overnight in water
(enough to cover the leaves).
The following day,
put filtrate in grinder.
Grind.
Strain.

Dilute extract with 5
liters of water.
Add soap.
Stir well.
Spray on infested plants
early in the morning or late
in the afternoon.
Leaf eating caterpillars
Pongam seed extract
Materials Methods of preparation How to use Target pests
50 grams of pongam seed powder
1 liter of water
Few drops of soap
Mortar and pestle
Muslin cloth
Pail
Strainer
5 kg pongam seed powder are required for 100 liters
of extract which can
be used for 0.4 ha area.
De-pulp seeds.
Pound seeds gently in
a way that no oil will come out.
Put powder in muslin
cloth and soak overnight in water.
Squeeze pouch.
Filter.
Add soap.
Stir well.
Spray on infested plants. Aphid
Armyworm
Brown planthopper
Citrus leafminer
Corn stem borer
Green leafhopper
Potato tuber moth
Rice caseworm
Whitefly

Pongam cake extract
Materials Methods of preparation How to use Target pests
100 grams of seed cake
1 liter of water
Few drops of soap
Mortar and pestle
Pail
Muslin cloth
Strainer
10 kg of pongam cake
are needed for 100 liters
of spray which can be
used for 0.4 ha
Powder pongam cake.
Put in muslin cloth and
soak overnight in water.
The following day, squeeze out the extract.
Strain.
Add soap.
Stir well.
Spray on infected plants. Aphid
Armyworm
Brown planthopper
Corn stem borer
Citrus leafminer
Green leafhopper
Potato tuber moth
Rice caseworm
Whitefly

Tomato leaf spray
Materials Methods of preparation How to use Target pests
1-2 cups of tomato leaves
2 cups of water
Basin or pail
Knife
Strainer
Finely chop tomato
leaves.
Soak overnight in 2
cups of water.
Strain and add 2 more
cups of water.
Spray to cover infested
plant parts thoroughly
.
Aphids
Corn earworm
Turmeric rhizome extract
Materials Methods of preparation How to use Target pests
20 grams of shredded rhizome
200 ml cow's urine
2-3 liters of water
8-12 ml of soap
Pail

 
Soak shredded rhizome in the cow's urine.
Strain.
Dilute mixture with 2-3
liters of water.
Add soap.
Stir well.
Spray on infested plant
parts thoroughly, either early in the morning or late in the afternoon
Aphids
Armyworm
Cotton semi-looper
Green leafhopper
Mites
Rice leaf roller
Rice stem borer

Powdery mildew
References

 

Pesticide Action Network (PAN) Germany, Online Information Service on Non-chemical Pest Management in the Tropics. OISAT Info. http://www.oisat.org/control_methods/plants_in_pest_control