Rice Variety - Chomala

Importance of the variety
Chomala is one of the traditional varieties of rice grown in Wayanad.  It is recommended mainly for the first crop season. The variety is semi dwarf and produces small, slender reddish straw coloured grains. The grains are aromatic with white kernel. It is ideal for south Indian meals.
Plant morphology
1. Plant stature = Semi dwarf
2. Tillering habit = 14
3. Grain type = Red grains
4. Bran colour = Red
Cultivation aspect
1. Recommended season = First crop season
2. Spacing = 20cm x 10cm
3. Method of planting = Direct sowing
4. Fertilizer recommendation = 40:20:20 kg NPK / ha
5. Water requirement = moderate
6. Crop duration = 165-180 days
7. Chance of lodging = medium
8. Scattering of grains = low
Pest tolerance
1. Blast =
2. BPH =
3. Stem borer =
4. Blight disease =
5. Sheath rot =
6. Gall midge =
Environmental adaptability
1. Droughty areas =Adapted
2. High altitudes = Adapted
3. Wet lands =
4. Uplands = Adapted
Yield attributes 1. No of hills per square meter =
2. No of tillers per hill = 9
3. Average number of grains per panicle =
4. Weight of 100 grains = 3.08 g
5. Average yield per hector =
6. Milling percentage =
7. Cooking quality = Good
8. Nutrient content = Good
References Kerala Agricultural University.  2011.  Package of Practices Recommendations: Crops.14th edition. Kerala Agricultural University, Thrissur- 360 p.