Housing Requirements for Chicken
Selecting a location
- Establish the farm preferably in an
area where chicks and feed are easily available.
- Where there is a source of
- Where there is a possibility of good
drainage during monsoon.
- Where drinking water is freely
- Where there is good market nearby.
- Birds of different age groups should
be housed separately. Therefore, have two types of houses – Rearing
house (brooder-cum-grower) for young birds up to 18 weeks of age and
laying house. For broiler raising layer house is not necessary. For
continuous and economic egg production adopt 1:3 housing system i.e. one
rearing house for 3 laying houses. The rearing house should be at least
45 meters (150 ft) away from layer house and the distance between layer
houses should be at least the width of a house. The doors of the house
should open outwards. The house should be oriented east west.
- The poultry house may be of any
design. The width of the house should not exceed 9 metres (30 ft.).
However, it is preferable to restrict it to 6-7 metres for reasons of
air movement and effective ventilation. Concrete floors are preferred.
The roof should be at least 3.3 metres (11 ft) high at the ridge and 1.8
meters (6 ft) high at the eves. Clay-tile, asbestos or light roof can be
used as roofing material. In poultry houses with asbestos roofing, the
roof height should be increased.
- The sidewalls should be 30 cm high;
the remaining area covered by wire netting or expanded metal. The wire
netting should be fixed in such a way as to avoid perching and the size
of the wire mesh should be 2.5 x 2.5 cm (gauge 16). Provision for
footbath of 90 x 45 x 3 cm may be provided for disinfection at the entry
point of the house.
- Automatic feeding systems are of two
types – conveyor type and screw type. Automatic watering systems are
available in two types- nipple type and pan type. Drinking nipples are
provided along the sidewalls of the pen in deep litter system or inside
the cage, in cage system. In pan type, water is maintained to a fixed
level in shallow pans.
Kerala Agricultural University. 2001. Package
of Practices- Recommendations: Veterinary and Animal Husbandry, Kerala
Agricultural University, Trichur. .