Care and Management

 

Selection of goat Malabari (Tellichery), Attappady, Sannen x Malabari cross-breds are available in the state. When buying an adult goat, be sure to check its milk production. Milk yield per day assessed by recording two consecutive milkings, should be more than 0.5 kg (including milk sucked by kids). When selecting young goats, the damís production may be checked. A one year old she-goat should weigh about 20 kg. Doeling at 6 months should weigh not less than 10 kg. The doeling must also be free from physical defects. Selection of does should be based on their previous 120 daysí milk production record. Those, which have kidded at least by 2 years of age, should be preferred.
Care for new born kids

 

Clean the nostrils and remove the placental membranes sticking on the kid, by gently rubbing with dry cotton or rags.

 Holding the kids up by hind legs with head downward for few seconds, will aid in clearing the respiratory tract.

The kid will get up and start walking within half an hour. Allow the doe to lick the kids dry.

Immerse the end portion of umbilical cord in tincture iodine. Repeat this after 12 hours.

The kid should get its first drink of colostrum within 30 minutes of birth.

If the kids do not suck properly, the teats should be held by the hand and pressed into their mouth.

Once they have drawn a little of the milk, it will not be long before they take to the normal method of sucking.

  • Take care of newborn kids by providing guard rails.
  • Treat / disinfect the naval cord with tincture of iodine as soon as it is cut with a sharp knife.
  • Protect the kids from extreme weather conditions, particularly during the first two months.
  • Dehorn the kids during first two weeks of age.
  • Male kids should be castrated for better quality meat production.
  • Vaccinate the kids as per the recommended schedule.
  • Wean the kids at the age of 8 weeks.

Proper selection of kids on the basis of initial body weight and weaning weight should be initiated by maintaining appropriate records for replacing the culled adult stock as breeders.

Additional feed requirements of lactating does must be ensured for proper nursing of all the piglets born.

Care for pregnant goat

 

  • Keep pregnant animals separated from others
  • Provide adequate nutrition, easily digestible and laxative diet.
  • Do not allow them to fight with each other.
  • Do not allow them to mix with recently aborted animals.
  • Shortly before the doe is due to freshen, clip hair around the udder, hind quarters and tail for greater cleanliness.

Care at milking stage

 

 

 

Keep the lactating doe away from the buck. Bruising of the teats and udder of goats should be avoided. Generally goats are milked twice a day. Prepare the goat for milking by washing the udder with lukewarm water and keep it dry with clothing. To prevent injury to the udder, first close the thumb and first finger, then close the second finger, followed by third finger. Use a steady pressure. Finally close the little finger and squeeze with the entire hand until the milk is drawn. Now release the pressure on the teat and open the finger so that the teat can refill. Repeat the process until very little milk comes out. Both the hands can be simultaneously used for milking.
References Kerala Agricultural University. 2001. Package of Practices- Recommendations: Veterinary and Animal Husbandry, Kerala Agricultural University, Trichur. .