Housing Requirements for Goat

 

Housing pattern for goats
  • For goats, an elaborate house or barn is not necessary. The cheapest form of building will be the lean-to-type of shed placed at the side of an existing building.
  • The floor should be made of raised wooden/bamboo platform.
  • A model shed for two goats and their kids should have a plinth area of about 6 m2.
  • The arrangements for storing fodder can be made overhead below the roof.
  • Cheap roofing materials will reduce the cost of construction.
  • Large-scale goat rearing sheds can be constructed for accommodating 50 to 60 goats with provision for 1 m2 per goat.
  • Kids should be provided with loose stalls.
  • Bucks may be housed individually in stalls measuring 2.5 m2 per buck.

Sl. No.

Type of goats

Space requirement (m2/head)

Maximum No. of animals per pen

1 Adult doe 1.00 60
2 Milch doe 1.68 Individual pens
3 Buck 3.4 Individual pens
4 Kids 0.4 75

 

Farming systems Tethering: In this system goats are usually tied with a rope to a tree or on a peg and they will be able to browse from the surrounding. It is a convenient method from the standpoint of minimum labour input and utilisation of feeds. This system is suitable for farmers with one or two goats.
Extensive production: This system can be adopted if grazing land is available where goats are allowed to browse on free range and provided with shelter during nighttime.
Intensive production: This method is suitable in urban areas where there is scarcity of land. In this method goats are confined exclusively in sheds and fed on leaves/grass and concentrates.
Semi-intensive: This method represents varying degrees of compromise between extensive and intensive production. In this system the goats are allowed to go out of the shed for a few hours daily.
Integration with cropping system: In this case goats can be allowed to browse under plantation crops. It ensures increased fertility of land by return of dung and urine and controls the weeds. The manure output from an adult goat per day varies from 0.5 to 1 kg.
References Kerala Agricultural University. 2001. Package of Practices- Recommendations: Veterinary and Animal Husbandry, Kerala Agricultural University, Trichur. .