Care and Management
Selection of breeds
- For commercial pig farming upgraded /
crossbred or exotic stock in good health should be selected.
- While selecting a gilt or sow primary
aim should be to secure a female that will produce large survivable
litter and which can attain marketable weight at an age of six months or
- Animals those are ready to be bred
should be selected.
- Identify the newly purchased animal by
giving suitable identification mark (ear notching or tattooing).
- Vaccinate the animals against
- Keep the animal under observations for
a period of about two weeks and then mix with the other animals.
- Purchase animals in two batches at the
interval of three months.
- Follow judicious culling and
replacement of animals in a herd.
- Cull the old animals after 10-12
- Pigs are highly prolific in nature and
two farrowings in a year should be planned by adopting optimal
- For every 10 sows one boar must be
maintained for maximum fertility.
- Breed the animals when it is in peak
heat period (i.e. 12 to 24 hours of heat).
Care during pregnancy
- Give special attention to pregnant
sows one week before farrowing by providing adequate space, feed, water
- The sows as well as farrowing pens
should be disinfected 3-4 days before the expected date of farrowing and
the sows should be placed in the farrowing pen after bedding it
Care of piglets
- Take care of new born piglets by
providing guard rails.
- Treat / disinfect the navel cord with
tincture of iodine as soon as it is cut with a sharp knife.
- Feed on mothers milk for first 6-8
weeks along with creep feed.
- Protect the piglets against extreme
weather conditions, particularly during the first two months.
- Needle teeth should be clipped shortly
- Vaccinate the piglets as per
recommended vaccination schedule.
- Supplementation of Iron to prevent
piglet anaemia is necessary.
- The piglets meant for sale as breeder
stock must be reared properly.
- Male piglets not selected for breeding
should be castrated preferably at the age of 3-4 weeks which will
prevent the boar odour in the cooked meat thus it enables production of
- Additional feed requirements of
lactating sow must be ensured for proper nursing of all the piglets
Protection against diseases
- Be on the alert for signs of illness
such as reduced feed intake, fever, abnormal discharge or unusual
- Consult the nearest veterinary aid
centre for help if illness is suspected.
- Protect the animals against common
- In case of outbreak of contagious
diseases, immediately segregate the sick and the healthy animals and
take necessary disease control measures.
- Deworm the animals regularly.
- Examine the faeces of adult animals to
detect eggs of internal parasites and treat the animals with suitable
- Wash the animals from time to time to
- Strictly follow the recommended
schedule for pigs
||Type of vaccine
||Time of vaccination
||Duration of immunity
||Once in a year, premonsoon
||Crystal Violet vaccine
||Foot and mouth disease
||Polyvalent tissue culture
||At about six months of age
with booster done after four months After vaccine repeat
Vaccination every year in October/November
||Alum treated vaccine
||After weaning with a
booster dose after 3-4 weeks
||About one year
||At about six months of age
To be repeated every 2 or 3 years
||One to two years
(Source: National Bank for Agriculture
and Rural Development)
Kerala Agricultural University. 2001. Package
of Practices- Recommendations: Veterinary and Animal Husbandry, Kerala
Agricultural University, Trichur. .