Housing Requirements for Pig
- The house should give adequate
protection against direct sunlight and rain. Hogs are sensitive to heat
- The floor and wall should be strong to
withstand the rooting habits of pigs. Concrete flooring is durable and
easy to clean. The walls may be of bricks, finished smoothly and doors
of strong wooden planks or iron.
- Feed troughs and water troughs may be
placed along the front to facilitate feeding from outside.
- Pigs thrive well in temperature range
of 20-25oC. Provide shade, wallowing tank, cooling devices
such as sprinkling of water, washing etc. to maintain thermal comfort.
- Design should be such that all animals
are observable easily from outside and the labour requirement is less.
- Boars, pregnant and dry sows, gilts
and growing pigs are usually kept in open yards with partially sheltered
area. Farrowing sows are housed in completely enclosed houses or pens.
- Simple low cost houses constructed
with locally available materials as per above guidelines are preferred
in rural areas. Multipurpose pens, which can be used, for all categories
of pigs can also be designed meeting the floor space requirement.
- Individual or group housing in cages
made up of vertical G.I. pipes/M S rods and also farrowing crates can be
adopted in large high-tech farms.
- Uncastrated males and females should
not be housed together beyond the age of four months.
Housing of Boars
Boar pen should have covered area of 6.25-7.5
m2 and open area of 8.8-12 m2 for exercise. The walls
should have a minimum height of 1.5 m.
Housing of Female
Open yard type with partial roofing as in the
case of boar may be provided. A total of 10-15 females can be grouped in a
pen. An area of 2 m2 per animal may be provided.
Housing of farrowing sows
Farrowing sows may be housed individually in a
farrowing pen of 2.5 x 4.0 = 10.0 m2 having guard rails, creep area, feed
and water troughs
Housing of growing and
A covered concrete yard for feeding and
resting having feed and water trough arranged in the front side and an open
yard in the rear will suffice for fatteners. The total space requirement may
be 2 m2 per grower/fattener pig.
Kerala Agricultural University. 2001. Package
of Practices- Recommendations: Veterinary and Animal Husbandry, Kerala
Agricultural University, Trichur. .