Disease Management

 

Myxomatosis
Cause Important features Drugs
Virus (spread by rabbit fleas and mosquitoes) Inflammation and oedema of eyelids, ears, anal and genital orifices. Mucopurulent blepharo conjunctivitis Skin haemorrhages No effective treatment
Pasteurellosis
Cause Important features Drugs
Bacteria (Pasteurella multocida) Clinical forms that occur are sniffles, enzootic pneumonia, otitis media, abscess, septicaemia Sulpha  quinoxaline, sulphadimidine
Coccidiosis
Cause Important features Drugs
Protozoa (Eimeria species) E.stiedae, E.magna, E.perforans Anorexia, debilitated condition, hepatomegaly, pendulous abdomen Sulpha- quinoxaline, sulphadimidine, Nitro-furazone
Mucoid enteritis (Mucoid enteropathy)

 

Cause Important features Drugs
Unknown cause (shift from neonatal to post- weaning nutritional substrates has been proposed as having a role in the pathogenesis) Diarrhoea with clear to viscid and mucoid consistency, dehydration No effective treatment
Blue breast (mastitis)

 

Cause Important features Drugs
Streptococcus or Staphylococcus species Bluish purple glands Antibiotics
Ear canker (ear mange)

 

Cause Important features Drugs
Psoroptes cuniculi Shaking head, scratching ears with legs, crusty exudate in the ear Benzyl benzoate (Ascabiol) for 2-3 days after removing the crusts and cleaning the ears.
Sore hock (ulcerative pododermatitis)

 

Cause Important features Drugs
Pressure necrosis of the skin usually resulting from the bearing of heavy body weight on wire floors of the cages Circumscribed ulcerated areas in the skin covered by dry crusty scab of the plantar surface of the metatarsal region, anorexia, loss of weight, humping of the back, tilted movements. Zinc and iodine ointments and 0.2%
solutions of aluminium acetate. Antibiotics parently to prevent secondary infections.
Ring worm

 

Cause Important features Drugs
Fungus (Trichophyton microsporon) Falling of hairs in patches resulting in areas of baldness Griseofulvin
Body mange 
Cause Important features Drugs
Notedres cati Falling of hairs from the ears and nose. Scratching the ears and face with forelimbs. 1. Benzyl benzoate (local application) 2. Ivermectin s/c injection at dose of 0.1 ml/5 kg body weight.
References Kerala Agricultural University. 2001. Package of Practices- Recommendations: Veterinary and Animal Husbandry, Kerala Agricultural University, Trichur. .