Feeding of Turkey

 

Feed requirement

 

Turkey requires higher amount of protein, amino acids, vitamins, minerals as compared to chicken. The nutrient requirement of Turkeys as recommended by NRC - 1994 is as follows:


Nutrient

Age (weeks)

Breeding Hen

0 - 4

4 - 8

8 - 12

12 - 16

16 - 20

20 - 24

ME (Kcal/kg)

2800

2900

3000

3100

3200

3300

2900

Protein (%)

28

26

22

19

16.5

14

14

Lysin (%)

1.6

1.5

1.3

1.0

0.80

0.65

0.60

Methionine (%)

0.55

0.45

0.40

0.35

0.25

0.25

0.20

Methionine +

1.05

0.95

0.80

0.65

0.55

0.45

0.40

Maintaining energy level as specified by NRC is not feasible under Indian conditions, 10% less of all nutrients specified by NRC can be followed under Indian conditions. Readymade feed for turkeys are not available in the market, however the birds can be reared on broiler feed with additional amount of protein source.

  • Use properly designed feeders and control the rats to avoid feed wastage.
  • Keep proper records on feed consumption per bird for each batch.
Nutrient requirement

 

Turkeys require more of protein, mineral and vitamins than chicken to meet the fast growth. Turkey rations are costlier than chicken rations.

Protein and energy requirement of turkey

Nutrients

Age in weeks

0-4

4-8

8-12

12-16

16-20

20-24

Adult

Energy (Kcal/ kg)

2800

2900

3000

3100

3200

3300

2900

Crude protein (%)

28

26

22

19

16

14

14

(Source: Kerala Agricultural University)

Poults give more trouble than chicken with respect to feeding. The sooner they are fed after hatching better it is. Turkey must always be fed on trough or hoppers and never on ground. The feed hoppers must never be overfilled to avoid wastage.

References Kerala Agricultural University. 2001. Package of Practices- Recommendations: Veterinary and Animal Husbandry, Kerala Agricultural University, Trichur. .