- The shed should be located at an elevated place and it should be
well constructed with proper ventilation and drainage systems. The shed
should have good flooring that can be easily cleaned and disinfected.
Cement floors are preferred for the purpose.
- Turkeys are generally reared on range or in deep litter system. The
advantages of deep litter system compared with range system include
excellent protection against predators and adverse weather, lower land
cost, low labour cost, disease prevention (soil borne diseases,
parasites etc) and convenience of management.
- Turkey poults grow very rapidly and for the best performance they
should never be over crowded. One sq. foot of floor space per poult is
required during the first 3-4 weeks and thereafter up to 8th week, the
floor space is increased to 1.5 sq. ft per poult. Thus, a compartment of
10x10 ft will be suitable for housing 100 poults up to 4 weeks of age
and thereafter, they may be transferred to a compartment of 10x15 ft for
further floor brooding until 8th week. From 8th to 12th weeks of age,
the floor space should be increased to 2 sq. ft. per growing poult and
thereafter until 16th week of age, the minimum floor space allowance is
2 .5 sq. ft per poult. After 16th week onward they require 3-5 sq. ft.
per turkey. For small type turkeys, the floor space requirements may be
reduced slightly. The smaller floor space can be provided if the birds
are debeaked and ample ventilation is provided mechanically to lower the
risk of respiratory infection. The floor space is reduced to almost one
third under range system since only some shelter is required to protect
them from rain and sun.
- Turkey requires warmer conditions than chickens and a temperature of
950 F should be maintained during the first week of brooding. After this
age the brooder temperature may be reduced approximately 50 F weekly
until it reached 70 F or are equivalent to the prevailing environmental
temperature. Artificial heat may be discontinued during 6th week in
winter brooding and 4th week in summer brooding. The proper temperature
in the brooder can be known by watching the free movement of the poults
in the brooder after one week or so.