Breeding in Buffalo


Time period for growth Age at puberty : 30-36 months
Body weight at puberty : 300-340 kg (for heavy breeds)
Age at first calving : 40-50 months
Oestrous cycle : 18-24 days
Duration of heat : 18-24 hours
Ovulation : About 10 hours after the end of heat
Gestation period : 310-315 days
Post-partum heat : 90-120 days after calving
Calving interval : 15-18 months
Signs of heat


Many buffaloes show weak signs of heat and hence careful monitoring is necessary. Bellowing is the general sign. Urination is frequent and small in quantity. Mucus is watery at the beginning, which becomes ropy in the second half of heat. Turgidity of uterus is very prominent. Milk yield is reduced. Insemination is done 14-20 hours from the onset of heat.
References Kerala Agricultural University. 2001. Package of Practices- Recommendations: Veterinary and Animal Husbandry, Kerala Agricultural University, Trichur. .