Programmes and Schemes
Animal Disease Control Project
|The Animal Disease Control Project, named “GOREKSHA”, is a joint venture programme of the Government of Kerala, Government of India and the National Dairy Development Board. The basic objective of the project is conversion of the state into a Disease controlled zone by controlling / eradicating animal diseases of economic importance. Since Foot & Mouth disease ranks top in the economic importance, control of Foot & Mouth disease was given priority in the project|
|Foot & Mouth Disease Control Programme (FMD-CP)||To prevent economic losses due to FMD and to develop herd immunity in cloven-footed animals, Foot and Mouth Disease Control Programme (FMD-CP) is being implemented in 54 specified districts of the country in the first phase with 100% central funding as cost of vaccine, maintenance of cold chain and other logistic support to undertake vaccination. The State Governments are providing other infrastructure and manpower. Five rounds of vaccinations will be done during the tenth plan and allocation for this component is Rs. 200.00 crores. About 1500 lakh vaccination will be carried during the five rounds of vaccination.|
|Assistance to states for control of animal diseases (ASCAD)||The scheme envisages for control of major animal diseases by providing strategic immunization cover, strengthening of important diagnostic laboratories and biological production centers, take up disease surveillance, monitoring and forecasting, information and communication campaigns and equipping of technicians.|
|Special Livestock Breeding Programme||The objectives of the scheme is to provide extension support, adequate health and Insurance coverage and good quality feed at subsidised price to the growing Cross Bred Female Calves of below poverty line farmers for a period of 28 months or till its first calving whichever is earlier. The scheme is being implemented in Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam, Alappuzha, Kottayam, Thrissur, Palakkad, Kozhikode and Kannur.|
|Kamadhenu Insurance Scheme||Due to diseases, the farmers are incurring losses. In order to compensate the loss, the Department came up with an insurance programme jointly with United India Insurance Company. This insurance coverage at a lesser premium rate; at the rate of 6.6% otherwise it is 15%. This scheme is implemented in all the Panchayats, Municipalities and Corporations in the state. The livestock owners also be insured for accident death, provision for reimbursement of Medical expenses due to illness, disease or injury to the farmer and spouse.|
|Rinder Pest Eradication Scheme||
Rinderpest Eradication work is carried out both as Non/Plan and a Centrally Sponsored Plan Schemes. Under Non-Plan scheme there are 17 Regular Check posts, 6 vigilance units, 2 mobile units and are experimental check post. Check posts have been established to inspect and vaccinate all the incoming animals against Rinderpest levying a fee of Rs.2/- per animal. As RP Disease is totally eradicated RP Vaccination is stopped by Ist January 1998. Now the state is RP Free State.
|Cattle Sterility Scheme||The main objectives of the schemes are screening of Cross bred cow, heifers, buffalo to assess the infertility problems, investigate the causes leading to infertility and rectify the causes, publish data on investigation made, results achieved and suggest ways to modify the breeding and management practices.|
|Livestock Disease Control Scheme||
Objective of the scheme is to eradicate the occurrence of contagious diseases of national importance like Foot and Mouth disease, Rinderpest, Rabies etc. and establish Disease Free zone. The scheme has three Disease Free zone: Nedumangad (Thiruvananthapuram), Punalur (Kollam) and Adoor (Pathanamthitta).
|Financial Assistance from Banks/NABARD for dairy farming||Loan from banks with refinance facility from NABARD is available for starting dairy farming. For obtaining bank loan, the farmers should apply to the nearest branch of a commercial or co-operative Bank in their area in the prescribed application form, which is available in the branches of financing banks. The Technical Officer attached to or the Manager of the bank can help/give guidance to the farmers in preparing the project report to obtain bank loan.|
|Development of minimum standard protocol for semen production (MSP):||In order to produce frozen semen of the uniform quality, a Minimum Standard Protocol (MSP) for semen production has been developed in consultation with experts from BAIF, National Dairy Development Board (NDDB), NDRI (Karnal) and Central Frozen Semen Production and Training Institute (CFSP&TI) and the same has been made effective from 20th May, 2004.|
ISO certification for semen stations
|To ensure the quality of frozen semen straws for AI programme, atleast one semen station in each State would obtain ISO certification. The semen stations at Ooty, Bidaj, Pune, Hissar, Gurgoan (Haryana), Jagadhari (Haryana) and Haringhata (West Bengal) have already obtained ISO certification. The semen stations located at Vizag, Nabha (Punjab), Bassi (Rajasthan) and Mattupatty are in the process to get ISO certification.|
Testing of bulls used for semen production
|The Department has prepared a schedule for the disease testing of the bulls for all the sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Central Disease Diagnostic Laboratory (CDDL) and Regional Disease Diagnostic Laboratories (RDDLs) have been given the mandate to test all the breeding bulls and bull mothers of the semen stations in the central farms, State/ cooperative/ Embryo Transfer Technology Laboratory and private farms. RDDLs have started testing of the bulls and bull mothers in most of the States and infected bulls and bull mothers have been segregated. The States have been requested to take up ring vaccination against FMD in a radius of 10 km around frozen semen bull stations, farms and ET labs under the scheme ‘Assistance to States for control of Animal Diseases’ (ASCAD).|
|Central Government Schemes for Meat and Meat Products||
There is an urgent need for measures to provide
safe and wholesome meat, gainful utilization of animal by-products and
prevention of bird-hit menace to aircrafts, environmental pollution and
cruelty to animals. Keeping these objectives in view, a Centrally Sponsored
Scheme “Assistance to States for improvement/modernization of slaughter
houses and establishment of carcass utilization centers” was being
implemented with effect from 8th Five Year Plan.
For “Modernization of Slaughterhouses”, financial assistance is provided to State Governments on a 50:50 (Central:State) basis.
For “Establishment of Carcass Utilization Centers”, 100% central assistance is provided for building, plants and machinery and water supply and 50% for electric installation fittings, generator, etc.
|Professional Efficiency Development||The “Professional Efficiency Development” programme is being continued during the 10th Five Year Plan, with a view to regulate veterinary practices and to maintain register of the veterinary practitioners. The programme envisages establishment of Veterinary Council of India at Centre and State Veterinary Councils at state level in those States / Union Territories which have adopted the Indian Veterinary Council Act, 1984.|
|Assistance to Cooperatives||The scheme “Assistance to Cooperatives” aims at revitalizing the sick dairy cooperative unions at the district level and cooperative federations at the State level. So far, NDDB has identified tentatively 43 unions for rehabilitation assistance under the scheme. Each rehabilitation plan is to be implemented within a period of 7 years from the date of its approval.|
|Strengthening Infrastructure for Quality & Clean Milk Production||The Department has introduced a new Centrally Sponsored scheme viz. “Strengthening infrastructure for Quality & Clean Milk Production” during 10th Plan with an outlay of Rs.30.00 Crores. The scheme, approved in October, 2003, has the main objective of improving the quality of milk produced at the village level in the country. Under the scheme, there is a provision for training of farmers on good milking practices. The scheme is being implemented on 100% grants in aid basis to the State Governments / Union Territories, specially for components, viz. training of farmer members, detergents, stainless utensils, strengthening of existing laboratory facilities, etc. The pattern of funding for setting up of milk chilling facilities at village levels in the form of bulk milk coolers is in the ratio of 75:25 between Government of India and respective dairy cooperative society/union.|
|Disease Investigation and Control Programme||Objectives of disease investigation are the following: Investigate the causes of out break of diseases among Livestock and Poultry, Co-ordinate the investigation work and suggest control and eradication measures, Mass Vaccination of cattle and poultry against various contagious diseases, establish the infrastructure for disease surveillance, study Epidemiology and other factors relating to various Livestock and Poultry diseases etc.|
|Calf rearing schemes special livestock breeding programme||
The aim of the scheme was to provide female cross
– bred calves below six months of age with good quality feed to
ensure health, and insurance coverage, in order to bring the age at
puberty down to 14 – 16 months. It would then be possible to assure
an age at first calving of 24-26 months. The milk yield of these
calves could be increased and an additional six months of lactation
achieved per animal.
These farms supply the livestock and poultry needed by the farmers all over the state through various schemes implemented through the Department and the local self – governing bodies.
|Milk shed development scheme||The outlay is for continuing the programme launched in the Ochira-Karunagappally Milk shed and to take up similar schemes in other potential milksheds. Specific need based programmes will be implemented in selected panchayats to support dairy activities.|
|Centrally sponsored scheme for dairy development||Outlay is the state share of centrally sponsored scheme for Dairy Development to be implemented in the state.|
|Summer feeding programme through institutionalized trading in paddy straw||The programme is to promote availability of roughages to feed the cattle during summer months by bringing in baled straw/briquet/dry fodder from outside the State. The task will be entrusted to non-governmental agencies.|
|Assistance to women groups for milk products manufacturing and marketing||Women groups will be assisted to set up milk product manufacturing units. This will be implemented in partnership with Kudumbasree|
|References||Kerala Agricultural University. 2001. Package of Practices- Recommendations: Veterinary and Animal Husbandry, Kerala Agricultural University, Trichur. .|